A dive into the heart of the interwoven Balkans cultures, diverse histories and religions; visiting ancient Greek and Roman ruins, Byzantine basilicas, Orthodox monasteries with golden mosaics ...
Kosovo officially the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Republika e Kosovës), is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe.
Kosovo officially the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Republika e Kosovës), is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe. Covering an area of 10,908 square kilometres (4,212 sq mi), Kosovo is a landlocked territory in the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Albania to the southwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southeast, Montenegro to the west and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east. Due to its strategic position in the Balkan Peninsula, it serves as an important link in the connection between Central and Southern Europe, the Adriatic Sea and the Black Sea. Its capital and largest city is Pristina, while other major urban areas include Prizren, Peć and Ferizaj. While Serbia recognises administration of the territory by Kosovo’s elected government, it continues to claim it as its own Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.
In prehistory, the succeeding Starčevo culture and Vinča culture were active in the region.The area in and around Kosovo has been inhabited for nearly 10,000 years. During the Neolithic age, Kosovo lay within the area of the Vinča-Turdaş culture which is characterised by West Balkan black and grey pottery. Bronze and Iron Age tombs have been found in Metohija.
The favorable position as well as abundant natural resources were ideal for the development of life since the prehistoric periods, proven by hundreds of archaeological sites discovered and identified throughout Kosovo, which proudly present its rich archeological heritage. The number of sites with archaeological potential is increasing, this as a result of findings and investigations that are carried out throughout Kosovo but also from many superficial traces which offer a new overview of antiquity of Kosovo.
The earliest traces documented in the territory of Kosovo belong to the Stone Age Period, namely there are indications that cave dwellings might have existed like for example the Radivojce Cave set near the spring of the Drin river, then there are some indications at Grnčar Cave in the Vitina municipality, Dema and Karamakaz Caves of Peć and others. However, human settlement during the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age is not confirmed yet and not scientifically proven. Therefore, until arguments of Paleolithic and Mesolithic man are confirmed, Neolithic man, respectively the Neolithic sites are considered as the chronological beginning of population in Kosovo.
Drinking coffee is part of a big tradition in Kosovo. It is widely consumed and served everywhere at cafés, bars or restaurants. There are several varieties of coffee popular in Kosovo, which include instant coffee, brewed coffee, turkish coffee and italian coffee.
The most popular traditional drink in Kosovo is Rasoj which is made of a fermented red cabbage. Another popular beverages include boza, lemonade, kompot (usually drank during the autumn and made with seasonal fruit such as quince), beer, as well as coffee and teas.
Rasoj – Probiotic fermented red cabbage juice consumed mostly during the winter
Rakia – A popular regional fruit brandy alcoholic beverage. In Kosovo it is solely made from grapes.
Boza – A soft drink made of maize and wheat flour. Notorious for being a refreshing summer drink.
Ajron – A mix of yogurt, water and salt.
Beer – Some of Kosovo’s local beers are “Birra Peja”, “Birra Ereniku”, “Birra Prishtina”, etc.
Compote – A non-alcoholic sweet beverage that may be served hot or cold, depending on tradition and season.
Coffee – drip brewed coffee, percolated, espresso (such as macchiato and cappuccino), a variety of instant coffee, etc.
Tea – The most popular teas are mountain tea, rose hip tea, black tea and peppermint tea.
The Kosovan cuisine (Albanian: Kuzhina Kosovare) is a representative of the cuisine of the Balkans and consists of traditional dishes by ethnic groups native to Kosovo. Due to historical and ethnic connections with Albania, it has been significantly influenced by Albanian cuisine and has adopted elements of other Balkan countries.
Bread, dairy, meat, fruits and vegetables are important staples in Kosovan cuisine. With diversity of recipes, the Kosovan daily cuisine adjusts well to the country’s occasional hot summers and the frequent long winters. As a result of its continental climate, fresh vegetables are consumed in summer while pickles throughout autumn and winter.
Pies in Kosovo are known as “trejte”, or “pite”. A variety of pies are common:
Kullpite– a baked crust with nothing inside and covered with yogurt
Burek– also known as pie in Albania. Byrek is made of pastry layers filled with minced meat, white cheese, spinach.
Bakllasarm – a salty pie with yoghurt and garlic covering
Flija– a traditional food of Albania
Leqenik, known also as Kryelanë (Krelanë)
Resenik – cabbage pie
Purrenik – leek pie
Hithenik – nettle pie
Typical salad ingredients include tomatoes, onion, garlic, pepper, cucumber, potato, cabbage, lettuce, carrots, and beans.
Tavë Prizreni is a traditional regional casserole from the southern city of Prizren. It is made with lamb, eggplants, green peppers, onions, tomatoes and is served hot. Sarma is also another popular lunch dish which (although not limited to) consists of minced meat wrapped with cabbage or vine leaves.
Stuffed peppers – with meat, rice and vegetables
Lasagne – alternated with sauces and various other ingredients
Qebapa – small grilled meat skinless sausages made of lamb and beef mix; served with onions, sour cream, ajvar and pita bread (pitalka)
Macaroni – pasta
Salsiccia – traditional sausage
Tavë – a traditional dish with lamb chops
Tavë kosi – baked lamb with yogurt
Traditional Kosovo desserts are often made with sorbet which is enhanced with lemon or vanilla flavour. The mainstream pastries include Baklava (regional), Cremeschnitte, Pudding, Crêpe, Tulluma, Tespishte, Rovani, etc.
Baklava is a rich, sweet pastry made of layers of filo pastry filled with chopped nuts and sweetened with syrup or honey.
Rice pudding is a dish made from rice mixed with water or milk and sometimes other ingredients such as cinnamon and raisins. Different variants are used for either desserts or dinners. When used as a dessert, it is commonly combined with a sweetener such as sugar.
Cremeschnitte is a chantilly and custard cream cake.
Kek a similar form of sweet dessert to cake.
Havell is a flour-based sweet confection of non Kosovo origin
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Travel Albania manages and organizes trips and holidays, short trips to the city, beach holidays, family vacations, sea excursions, trekking and much more.
Travel Albania manages and organizes trips and holidays, short trips to the city, beach holidays, family vacations, sea excursions, trekking and much more. We have a decade of experience in incoming tourism services and specific technical training in Italy.
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